Category Archives: Biopesticides

Insecticidas naturales contra la mosca blanca en tomate. El poder de Nakar.

Natural insecticides against whiteflies on Tomato Plants

Whitefly pests are causing serious problems in the Spanish tomato crops, especially due to the transmission of viruses such as Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV). Hence the importance of combating this problem through an integrated management that includes effective natural insecticides against whitefly on tomato plants.

In order to keep the whitefly population at bay, integrated pest management is the best method of action. Its objective is the rational and efficient control of pests and diseases, minimizing the amount of residues in the products to be harvested. It is necessary combine cultural measures, biological control and phytosanitary treatments, with priority of natural ones versus chemicals.

Farmers do not find it easy to find specialized, effective natural formulations that do not leave residues in the crop, but they exist.

The best natural insecticides against whiteflies on tomato plants

Natural insecticides against whiteflies on Tomato Plants

Among all the natural insecticides against whiteflies on tomato plants, Nakar product stands out given the good results it has demonstrated in trials and in commercial application, and given its high specialization. It is a bioinsecticide that presents excellent contact control of soft shell insects in all stages of development and especially of the whitefly in tomato.

Its state-of-the-art formulation gives it the ability to penetrate and fragment the lipoprotein matrix of insect cell membranes. The disruption of the membrane causes the evacuation of the cellular contents causing the dehydration and death of the insects.

Given its natural origin and its compatibility with the action of the natural predators and parasitoids of the whitefly is an ideal tool for Integrated Pest Management (IPM), so that the insecticide’s power is combined with the biological control action.

Along the same lines, Pirecris, an insecticide based on natural pyrethrins, is made with co-formulants of botanical origin, totally natural, so it does not use Piperonil Peroxide (PBO) as synergist. Its formula is patented.

Advantages of the natural insecticides against the whiteflies on tomato plants

1.- No security deadlines

These natural insecticides do not have safety period. In fact, both Pirecris and Nakar can be applied even the day before harvesting.

 2.- Resistance management

Optimum result in resistance management strategies.

3.- Efficacy in all biological stages of insects

Although their efficacy develops over all biological stages of insects, the insects are more vulnerable to the effects of the active substance in its immature stages of development and non-flying phases.

 4.- Wetting effect

The fact that whitefly populations are placed on the underside of the leaves conditions the effectiveness of the products that act by contact, so it is advisable to use wetters.

However, Nakar has achieved a potentiating and wetting effect, so that it improves adhesion in spray applications. Moreover, it increases the adhesion of other treatments because it decreases the surface tension of the water and increases the contact surface, as well as the contact time between the pathogen and the applied active material.

 5.- Avoid molasses and bold in the crops

The whitefly secretes a species of molasses that hinders the growth of the plant because it interferes with photosynthesis and causes less vigor and, therefore, a worse quality in the fruits. This molasses favors the attack of the fungus that causes the bold in leaves, flowers and fruits, and also reduces the photosynthetic capacity of the vegetable and its respiration, depreciating the quality of the harvest, but also hindering the penetration of phytosanitary treatments.

Besides its potential as a natural insecticide, Nakar contributes to the cleaning of these molasses produced by attacks of sucking insects such as the whiteflies, in a way that avoids the fatal spread of fungi. In the same way, Nakar cleans the bold formed by the fungi.

6.- Efficiency comparable to chemicals

The different tests carried out with the bio-insecticide Nakar (SEIPASA) have shown that the efficacy of this natural insecticide equals the reference chemical in whitefly control, with the added value of not leaving residues and being suitable for integrated and ecological production.

In the last study carried out by researchers at the Technological Park of Almería (Tecnova) on integrated control of whitefly on greenhouse tomato, results confirmed the high efficiency of Nakar on immature and adult populations of this pest, cutting off their biological reproduction.

The synergy of this product with the action of Pirecris was conclusive in the control of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci.

If you need more information on the natural insecticides Nakar and Pirecris, please request it through the e-mail: consulta@seipasa.com.

Natural insecticides against whiteflies on Tomato Plants

If you need more information on the natural insecticides Nakar and Pirecris, please request it through the e-mail: consulta@seipasa.com.

See SEIPASA Products

Fruit Attraction 2016: New natural insecticides of SEIPASA, on the media

 

New natural insecticides of SEIPASA, on the media

 

Various media have echoed the great success obtained by the new natural insecticides of SEIPASA, Nakar and Pirecris, that were presented in the framework of Fruit Attraction 2016 and that will be a great relief for the farmer.

Why? Because producers are increasingly seeking more effective tools to finish with the pests without creating resistance and without leaving residues in crops, which results in greater acceptance and value in international markets; SEIPASA is the solution.

Here are some of the online media that have excelled in their pages the good reception of the new natural products of SEIPASA:

http://www.hortoinfo.es/index.php/noticia/7326-seip-f-att-071016
http://www.lasprovincias.es/ribera-costera/201610/08/seipasa-presenta-madrid-novedosos-20161008004727-v.html
http://heconomia.es/volatil.asp?o=-1628923942&c=agro
http://www.foodnewslatam.com/6188-las-nuevas-armas-naturales-contra-las-plagas-seipasa-fruit-attraction.html
http://www.interempresas.net/Horticola/Articulos/162938-Seipasa-presento-sus-nuevas-‘armas’-naturales-contra-las-plagas.html
http://www.phytoma.com/noticias/empresas/9951-las-nuevas-armas-naturales-de-seipasa-contra-las-plagas-la-revelacion-de-fruit-attraction-2016
http://www.fhalmeria.com/detallenoticia.aspx?id=t%2BpVvn%2FWMOgL6X%2FWeKTiXg%3D%3D
http://www.infoagro.com/noticias/2016/insecticidas_naturales_de_seipasa__revelacion_en_fruit_attraction.asp
http://www.inocuidadlatam.com/index.php/3480-las-nuevas-%E2%80%98armas%E2%80%99-naturales-contra-las-plagas.html
http://www.ifema.es/Institucional_01/noticias/INS_P_554797

SEIPASA in Fruit Attraction 2016

SEIPASA at Fruit Attraction 2016

SEIPASA images at Fruit Attraction 2016

Successful participation and great reception of ‘Zero Residues’ SEIPASA products

Click on the thumbnails to see the photos to superior size

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The passage of SEIPASA along Fruit Attraction 2016 has concluded exceeding expectations. With large numbers of visitors throughout the whole fair, which was held from 5 to 7 October at the IFEMA fairgrounds, SEIPASA says goodbye satisfied by the great success of their products and new developments.

The new natural insecticides of SEIPASA Nakar and Pirecris have aroused great interest among professionals in the sector, given its high capacity to control pests – demonstrated with diverse independent tests – with the added value, with regard to the conventional products, of obtaining ‘Zero Residues‘ crops.

 

This was evidenced by the success of call in the technical talk devoted to explaining the properties, field efficiencies and integration strategies IPM (Integrated Pest Management) of new insecticides solutions Nakar and Pirecris by SEIPASA technical director, Javier Nácher.

During the event many attendees were interested in the SEIPASA latest developments.

The future of the agricultural sector was also present at the SEIPASA’s stand represented by a group of students from the Polytechnic University of Madrid. The director of R&D+i department, Francisco Espinosa, responded to their concerns and showed them the great potential that natural treatments  can reach, most of them of botanical origin, after a thorough research and development to achieve the ideal formulation.

SEIPASA’s stand was also the scene of a meeting of all partners making up the consortium responsible for carrying out the ambitious European project Life+ Zero Residues (LIFE12 ENV/ES/000902: LIFE Zero Residues: towards a sustainable production and supply chain for stone fruit). The conclusions of this initiative, aimed at improving the quality and sustainability of production, conservation and marketing of stone fruit with the guarantee to be free of residues, speak of success.

For more information about SEIPASA products (biopesticides, biostimulants, fertilizers…), contact us: consulta@seipasa.com

Ubicación Seipasa en Fruit Attraction 2016

SEIPASA in Fruit Attraction: New natural pesticides

The latest and Innovative Residue Zero solutions for present and future needs in a crop protection market increasingly limited will be displayed in Fruit Attraction 2016, Pavilion 4 stand 4G07

Technical director will reveal the extraordinary potential of ‘New natural insecticides’ in the Innova Forum 7, Thursday 6 at 11:30 a.m.

Book an appointment to be advised personally in the stand of SEIPASA to know nearly the advances in control biostimulation and fertilization http://www.seipasa.com/fruit-attraction/

SEIPASA has been nominated for ‘Estrellas de Internet’ Prizes, organized by Fruit Today, in the category of Best Blog

Seipasa en Fruit Attraction 2015

Seipasa en Fruit Attraction 2015

New and specialized natural broad-spectrum insecticides (Nakar and Pirecris), the best chance to hold off Lepidoptera (Bt32 Seipasa) and the ideal tool to including in control programs of fungal diseases (Septum) are some of the latest technologically advanced natural pesticides emerged from Seipasa Technology that will be present at Fruit Attraction 2016 (Pavilion 4 stand 4G07).

In a context in which it becomes increasingly difficult to find solutions to tackle pests and diseases due to the strict regulation in plant health and active substances, SEIPASA responds to the current needs of the crop protection market and anticipates the future, always with the guarantee of obtaining free residues crops.

Phytosanitary developments

It is in this spirit that SEIPASA will also disclose in this important industry event its latest phytosanitary developments ‘Zero Residues‘.

These include those aimed at controlling thrips in horticultural, Taphrina deformans in fruit trees or powdery mildew and downy mildew, among other foliar fungi.

SEIPASA not only provides specialized solutions for major cultures but also for minor cultures which, with the new situation, are more affected if possible by the lack of treatments. Aphids, whiteflies, mites, woodlice, mildews, dappled… For each problem, a solution.

‘New natural insecticides’

Technical director of the company, Javier Nácher, will reveal in Innova Forum the extraordinary potential of the New natural insecticides of SEIPASA, their properties, field efficiencies and fusion strategies Integrated Pest Management. They are pesticides, totally natural, that will mark a before and after in the fight against certain pests and diseases.

The talk will take place on Thursday, 6 at 11:30 am at the core connecting 7-9 (Innova Forum 7).

In addition, SEIPASA’s Blog (http://blog.seipasa.com/en/) has been selected as one of the finalists in the ‘Estrellas de Internet’ Prizes, organized by Fruit Today. Winner will be announced on the 6th, at 17.30 hours, in Proexport stand (4A01c).

Biostimulants

The latest generation of SEIPASA’s biostimulants cannot be absent to this important appointment. They represent a key tool to maximize returns on production costs. Without having a direct effect on pathogens, they allow invigorating and induce resistance in plants. In this way, they can prevent the attack from many pests and diseases.

Kynetic4, one of the most complete biostimulants; Seisil, potassium and soluble silicon source; Seiland, an excellent product to stimulate the development of roots and absorption of nutrients; and Sweetsei, the best solution to contribute to the increase of sugars, maturation and fattening of the fruit, are some of the major biostimulants of Seipasa.

Personal advice. Book an appointment

To know these last generation innovations and solutions, you can visit the stand of SEIPASA in Fruit Attraction 2016 (Pavilion 4 stand 4G07). You can even book an appointment in advance to receive a personal advice:  http://www.seipasa.com/fruit-attraction/. We will be waiting for you.

Seipasa location in Fruit Attraction 2016

Seipasa location in Fruit Attraction 2016

Seipasa location in Fruit Attraction 2016

Whitefly: Tecnova trial unveils Nakar’s potential

The new Seipasa natural formulation to control whitefly equals the chemical reference’s effectiveness, plus it does not leave any residue and it is suitable for integrated and organic production

María del Mar Téllez, IFAPA researcher, at the conference on whitefly.

María del Mar Téllez, IFAPA researcher, at the conference on whitefly.

At Tecnova’s headquarter, in Almería’s Technology Park, its researchers presented the results of a test conducted on integrated control of whitefly in greenhouse tomatoes developed in an experimental farm that belongs to the research entity. Next to María del Mar Téllez, researcher at the Institute of Research and Formation on Agriculture and Fisheries of the Government of Andalusia (IFAPA), technicians and producers introduced the most effective tools to deal with this insect, Bemisia tabaci, through preventive measures as well as plant health and biological control.

As explained by Tecnova’s R&D Director, Carolina Martínez, and integrated production technician Carolina Sánchez, this research has proven the high effectiveness of treatments that employ SEIPASA’s biopesticides on whitefly immature and adult populations.

NAKAR, Zero Residues and no safety term

NAKAR (registry # ES-00123) is a bioinsecticide taken as a reference, which show its great capacity to eradicate whitefly populations while shutting of its biological reproduction.

During the trial developed from March to June, we evaluated the insecticidal effectiveness in three experimental treatments compared to an untreated control: control (T0), NAKAR 10 ml/l (T1), NAKAR 6 ml/l + Pirecris 2 ml/l (T2) and Acetamiprid 0.5 g/l (T3).

The Tecnova researchers highlighted the successful process of whitefly pest control with natural products such as Nakar and Pirecris, as well as chemical reference Acetamiprid. The findings of the trial showed that “in all three treatments the insecticidal effect was similar and statistically indistinguishable from each other”, which confirms the effectiveness of Seipasa’s natural formulations equals the chemical reference, with added value too – it doesn’t leave behind residues in the crop and that makes it suitable for integrated and organic production.

Evolución de la severidad - Adultos Bemisia tabaci

Thus, the insecticide potential of the newly formulated NAKAR that was stated in this trial adds up to the advantage of being a zero residue product, which does not require safety periods. Similarly, its synergy with Pirecris, another botanical-based bioinsecticide, has proven a tight control of Bemisia tabaci.

As the conclusions stated in, both solutions cause direct and immediate effects on pests: “They have produced desiccation in immature stages and a loss of cohesiveness in the adult stage. In both cases, direct contact of these products has led to the death of insects”.

Fases inmaduras de la mosca blanca antes y despúes de los tratamientos, y efectos de los tratamientos sobre la fase adulta

In this line, Seipasa’s technical director, Xavier Nácher, emphasized the accomplished goal of this new solution hitting the market: “NAKAR achieves the eradication of the pest penetrating the insect’s cell membranes and causing its dehydration, by disruption of the waxy layer, and death”.

Xavier Nácher, Seipasa’s Technical Department Director.

Xavier Nácher, Seipasa’s Technical Department Director.

As Nácher stated, NAKAR’s action causes cytolysis of the insect cells, in other words, the breakdown or decomposition of the membrane, so it loses cell material and vital processes stop. Furthermore, it blocks the insect’s spiracles, which leads to its suffocation.

The NAKAR’s natural base makes it a privileged tool for Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies, as well as resistance management programs, to which it shows optimum results.


NAKAR use strategies

As Nácher explained, NAKAR can be used as a solution against whitefly in crops:

1) Intended for zero residues production, it must be applied as soon as the pest appears in order to shorten its life cycle and consequently its spread. Similarly, it can be used in the crop’s final stage to guarantee residues free harvests.

2) In order to set Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies and resistance management, NAKAR can be used with other insecticides that do have a security term in the middle period of the cycle.

3) Similarly, its effective insecticidal action, substantiated by recent trials, make it an alternative for the most demanding organic production.

Inspección equipos de aplicación de fitosanitarios

Inspection of gear for plant health products application

Where are they performed? What kind of equipment must pass the inspection? What elements are inspected? How often should they be inspected? All about inspections:

All equipment for the application of plant health products should be inspected at least once before November 26th, 2016, according to Royal Decree 1702/2011, which sets no postponements. This means that, effective that date, equipment that have not been inspected shall not be used.

Inspection frequency

From that point on, frequency of inspections, as indicated by Spain’s Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment, should be as follows:

  • New gear: In the first five years after purchase
  • Further inspections: Every five years, except for certain holders that will have triennial inspections
  • From 2020: Every three years

Inspection fulfillment

Farmers can freely chose the season to perform the inspection, while the holder may be present during the procedure. If the inspection results are adverse, for example, a serious flaw is found, the equipment cannot be used until defective items are repaired.

Inspections are carried out in accordance with the Inspections Manual issued by the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment: http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/agricultura/publicaciones/Manual_de_inspección_de_equipos_de_aplicación_de_fitosanitario1_tcm7-191068.pdf

Elements to be inspected

The elements of the equipment for the application of health plant products to be inspected are:

  • Power transmission elements
  • Pump
  • Agitation
  • Spray liquid tank
  • Measuring and regulation and control systems
  • Pipes and hoses
  • Filtering
  • Spray bars, in equipment that include them
  • Nozzles
  • Distribution
  • Pneumatic system, in equipment that include them

Measurements

  1. Pressure gauge
  2. Pressure regulation
  3. Nozzles flow

Types of equipment that must pass inspection

1.- Mobile equipment engaged in agricultural activities

  • Hydraulic sprayers (bars or pistols)
  • Hydropneumatic sprayers (atomizers)
  • Pneumatic (nebulizers) and centrifugal sprayers
  • Shakers

2.- Stationary and fixed equpment inp remises and greenhouses
3.- Application equpment for aerial treatment
4.- Mobile teams dedicted to other non-agricultural use

This kind of equipment must be pre-registered in the Official Register of Agricultural Machinery (ROMA)

os equipos deben estar previamente inscritos en el Registro Oficial de Maquinaria Agrícola (ROMA)

Where inspections are carried out

Technical inspection stations for plant health products application equipment (ITEAF) are authorized, entitled and controlled by each autonomous community government in Spain. ITEAF must have mobile units and inspections may be carried out on these or in fixed station facilities.

ITEAF authorized by Region: : http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/agricultura/temas/medios-de-produccion/iteafautorizadas20abril2016versionparapublicarenlaweb28-04-2016_tcm7-419656.pdf

Regulation context

The proper application of pesticides requires a homogeneous distribution of the product, and that it complies with the approved and recommended doses, in order to avoid adverse harmful effects on human health and the environment. Poor settings in application equipment or machines can lead to irregular distributions and defects, failures or misalignments can cause product leaks or spills in inappropriate places.

The December 20th, 43/2002 Law on plant health, seeks to guarantee that plant health means gather all the necessary conditions and lays down the basic provisions on the requirements these means must comply with, its rational use attending, regarding to application equipment, both the use conditions of the pesticide applied in each case and the maintenance and tuning requirements of such equipment, official controls to verify compliance with those provisions and support tools necessary for conducting corresponding inspections.

Meanwhile, the October 21st Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and Council that establishes the Sustainable Use of Pesticides lays down certain mandatory requirements in this area. Article 8 and Annex II establish that application equipment for plant health products must work properly, ensuring product distribution accuracy and dosing, as well as the absence of leaks in filling, emptying and maintenance operations.

In order to implement and develop the regulations mentioned above, Spain’s Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment published November 18th Royal Decree 1702/2011 on mandatory inspections of equipment for the application of plant health products. Thus are established official controls for the verification of compliance with the requirements for maintenance and tuning of this equipment, the basic regulation for inspection, and the necessary rules of coordination with the autonomous communities’ governments, with an authorization regime for stations that perform the technical inspections.

Source: Spain’s Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment

(http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/agricultura/temas/medios-de-produccion/maquinaria-agricola/inspecciones-equipos-aplicacion-productos-fitosanitarios/#para3)

(http://www.magrama.gob.es/es/agricultura/temas/medios-de-produccion/DIPTICO_ITEAF_tcm7-368267.pdf)

Sandía virus venas amarillas

Cucumber vein yellowing virus CVYV

This disease, transmitted by the white fly, Bemisia Tabaci, affects cucurbitaceae such as the cucumber, courgette, melon or watermelon

The disease known as “Cucumber vein yellowing virus” (CVYV) is transmitted through the adult individuals of the whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) and affects cucurbitaceae species such as the cucumber, courgette, melon or water melon.

It was located for the first time in 1960 in cucurbitaceae cultivated in Israel. It appears to be related to the sweet potato mild mottle virus (SPMMV). It is wide-spread in Western Mediterranean countries, and since 2001 it affects the fields of Andalusia.

Symptoms of the vein yellowing virus

In cucumber and melos:
Yellowing of the veins is observed in the leaves of the shoot, a characteristic whence the virus derives its name, although, depending on the moment of infection, this yellowing can also occur in a generalised manner in the entire plant.  The plant development is also less.

In cucumber fruit, a light green, dark green, mosaic occurs, whilst no symptoms occur in melon fruit.

Virus venas amarillas en sandíaIt seems that this virus, associated with the cucurbit yellow stunting disorder  virus (CYSDV), produces a synergism that boosts the symptoms of both virus

In courgette:
The symptoms observed on the leaves are a slight yellowing of the veins.

In watermelon: In leaves where it has been detected, the chlorosis symptoms are very mild and may go unnoticed. At times, they are even symptom-free. A strong internal necrosis has been observed in the fruit, as well as splitting of this fruit, which is attributed to the virus, although whether this is a unique and/or direct consequence has not been entirely demonstrated.

Transmission of the vein yellowing disease

The virus is transmitted by the vector insect, Bemisia Tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). The adults of this whitefly can be observed on the backs of the leaves like small insects that measure somewhat more than 1 millimetre long with a yellowish body and white wings due to the secretion of waxes that covers them.

A virus acquisition period of at least 30 minutes is needed, and at least 15 minutes feeding on the plant is required to inoculate it. The insect retains the virus for 6 hours and has a latent period of 75 minutes. Low transmission effectiveness by the Bemisia Tabaci has been indicated, and at least 15 to 20 insects are required per plant for its transmission.

Methods to combat Bemisia Tabaci

The management methods are based mainly on controlling the Bemisia Tabaci vector by means of prevention and culture practices (use of meshes, elimination of plant waste, use of resistant varieties, use of certified virus-free material, …), as well as plant health and integrated management practices.

The Regional Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery of the Junta of Andalusia, advises a series of specific measures:

  • Placement of double mesh on the edges and ridges of the greenhouses and placement of double door or mesh at the entrance.
  • When the climate conditions (especially humidity) permit adequate ventilation of the greenhouse, placement of anti-trip meshes.
  • Use of yellow chromotropic traps.
  • Surveillance and control of the white fly in early cultivation stages and seed beds.
  • Set up the measures relating to cleaning plant remains and weeds in the greenhouse and surrounding areas. Pull out and immediately eliminate plants affected by the virus during cultivation.
  • Not abandoning the crops and carrying out treatment against Bemisia Tabaci before pulling them out is compulsory as a management method, as well as correctly eliminating the plant remains.
  • Leave a rest period of at least one month between one cucurbitaceae crop and the next one to break the cycle of whitefly.

To control the whitefly in the framework of the integrated management of pests, natural specialised plant health products that have proved to be very effective in eradicating Bemisia Tabaci can be resorted to, as is the case of Pirecris.

Source: Consejería de Agricultura y Pesca. Andalucía.
                 fitodiagnostico.com

abonado

New regulations: EU endorses organic and waste-based fertilizers

  • It will facilitate free circulation of organic fertilizers in the EU, putting them on equal terms with inorganic fertilizers

  • The regulation will offer greater market opportunities for innovative companies

Free circulation of organic and waste-based fertilizers in the EU market will become a reality after the new fertilizer regulation proposed by the European Commission is approved. Thus, they will be on an equal footing with inorganic fertilizers. Current regulations –effective since 2003– exclude fertilizers made from organic materials, so that their access to the community market had major obstacles due to the divergence of national rules.

“From the plentiful of resources available in the form of organic waste, very little of them are transformed into valuable fertilizer. Our farmers use fertilizers made of imported resources or with a lot of energy use involved, even though our industry could make bio-waste into valuable recycled nutrients”.

The phrase belongs to Jyrki Katainen, Vice-President of the European Commission in charge of its Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness area, while he was introducing the proposed new provisions on organic and waste-based fertilizers, which will greatly facilitate their access to the EU’s community market, “placing them on an equal footing with traditional inorganic fertilizers”.

This will create new market opportunities for innovative companies, while reducing the volume of waste, energy consumption and damage to the environment, argues the European Commission. “The new Regulation will help us turn challenges into opportunities for farmers and businesses”, says Katainen.

These new provisions would be the first measure of the circular economy package adopted in December 2015, which has the reuse of raw materials currently disposed of as waste as one of its key principles. This way, the European Union values the use of more environmentally friendly products.

Biowaste conversion

The new text lays down common rules about the conversion of bio-waste into raw materials that can be used to manufacture fertilizers. It defines the requirements for safety, quality and labeling requirements all fertilizer products must comply with in order to be freely sold throughout the EU. “Producers will have to demonstrate their products meet these requirements and comply with the limits for organic pollutants, microbial contaminants and physical impurities before marking them with the CE label”, says the European Commission.

In this sense, the Regulation sets strict limits for cadmium in phosphate fertilizers. The limits will become more stringent, from 60 mg/kg to 40 mg/kg in three years, and 20 mg/kg in twelve years, thus reducing health and environment risks.

The new rules will apply to all types of fertilizers in order to ensure the highest level of soil protection.

CE labels or national standards

Since some fertilizers are not produced or marketed across borders in large quantities, the Commission proposes optional harmonization: the manufacturer may choose, depending on its business strategy and product type, the CE labels, which enables its free trade on the domestic market in accordance with common European standards, or to sell it according to national standards based on mutual recognition in the community market. This guarantees the regulation improvement and subsidiarity principles are taken into account.

The scope of the current 2003 Regulation does not include “innovative fertilizers obtained from organic materials”, since it only guarantees free circulation within the internal market of conventional inorganic fertilizers, which “are usually obtained from mining or produced by chemical processes that consume energy and generate a lot of CO2”.

Thus, access organic fertilizers to the EU market of currently depends on mutual recognition among Member States and, “due to the divergence of national rules, it is often difficult”, stated the European Commission.

Besides, the Regulation on fertilizers in force “does not address the environmental concerns arising from contamination of soils, inland waters, marine waters and, ultimately, food”.

“Today, only 5% of bio-wastes are recycled. According to estimates, if more IP/16/827 biowaste were recycled, they could substitute up to 30% of inorganic fertilizers”, said the same sources, while highlighting the fact that “each year, the EU imports about 6 million tons of phosphates, and it could replace up to 30% of that extracting them from sewage sludge, biodegradable waste, meat and bone meal or manure”.

European Parliament and Council

The draft regulation will now be sent to the European Parliament and the Council, which must adopt it. Once adopted, it will be directly applicable without transposition into national law, after a transitional period for enterprises and public authorities to adapt to the new rules.

Source: European Commission